In India the culture of silk was introduced in 400AD,while spinning of cotton traces back to 3000BC.
Indian textile enjoys a rich heritage and the origin of textiles in India traces back to the Indus valley Civilization where people used homespun cotton for weaving their clothes. Rigveda, the earliest of the Veda contains the literary information about textiles and it refers to weaving. Ramayana and Mahabharata, the eminent Indian epics depict the existence of wide variety of fabrics in ancient India. These epics refer both to rich and stylized garment worn by the aristocrats and ordinary simple clothes worn by the common people. The contemporary Indian textile not only reflects the splendid past but also cater to the requirements of the modern times.
A Labour Intensive Industry is now facing a major hurdle called "Man Power Shortage".
Will it be resolved ? or else the industry will be wiped away from INDIA ?
Textile sector accounting for 30% of Indian exports will be in vein then, global clothing sector will face trouble in getting enough productions. World of Textile will face various difficulties, if Indian Textile market stumbles.
China,Pakistan and Bangladesh being our major competitors with surplus manpower and lower production cost is now raising the edge to dominate the market.
Electricity Interruption and Cotton Price questions the Survival!
India is second largest producer and consumer of textiles globally is in need of man power and legal support. With high electricity interruptions, we already lag behind the target, additionally few more problems like frequent power crisis is disturbing the industry. Cotton export is open from October 2010, which will eat the complete cotton production of 2010.From a month back ginning industry started to stock the production to export, this drastically increased the cotton price 20% hike in per candy price. New cotton is expected by the end of November 2010. Hope new stocks will serve Indian needs.
Volatile Market and Slower Returns not like IT to deal with !
Cotton. Yarn. Clothing. Woolen. Rayon. Synthetic. Polyester. Technical Textiles. Agriculture. Natural Disasters. Climate.
When we speak about, Volatile Market and Slower Returns, we are forced to consider all the above fields. Climate, Natural Disaster accounts for major agricultural - Cotton production loss, which is the major production area. When it comes to cost of agricultural production, modern machineries are used because of labour shortage in breeding and sewing seeds to getting the agri product ready - it needs more money, so this is the start up place for increased production cost.
Next comes the ginning segment, where today lots of modernization takes place and automatically when investments goes high automatically quality, production cost and profit returns are expected high. Here the investment returns are obtained 88% successfully.
Next Comes the Spinning segment, where the advancement is at its peak and huge infra and investment is expected gives a very slow returns. This Spinning segment is one of the widely spread-ed one, where cotton converted in to cotton yarn, synthetic made in to synthetic yarn, polyester converted in to poly-yarn, woolen converted in to wool-cotton-polyester yarn (Mixture can be any kind), Rayon converted in to Cotton-rayon-yarn. So, here all the conversion process takes place after treating the raw material in wide process ares under different conditions and shapes.
Next comes warping, weaving, clothing segment. Where the any yarn output is made in to grey cloth and utilized for different fabric materials and shapes, designs are made.
Next comes Knitting - Garment segment. Where a final shape of cloth is made like Shirts, T-Shirts, Trousers, Suitings, Inner wears, Table Cloth, Screen Cloth, Socks, Jersey's,Denim's non-woven fabrics and many more.
Next Comes the Hand Loom and Auto Loom segment. Where the Saree, Bead spread, Towels, Terry Products and lot more are produced.
Human Resource a Serious Issue..,
Above said all segments were integrated with a huge number of processes, industries, businesses, manufacturers,labour's, farmer's, buyer's, seller's, marketing agencies and lot more were engaged in this textile segment in total.
So a final product like Under wear, Tie, T-Shirt are reaching the desired segment of people after surpassing various quality standards and tests. A single textile product in any store is hard work of the whole textile society. Farmer to seller everybody involved and every one needs a income to survive automatically as per the social & economic needs salaries are increased, product cost was raised time to time.
Even though we are getting slow returns for our huge investments. This is how the manufacturing industry of India facing physical, Financial, social, economical and climatic problems and still overcoming every hurdle to survive and employing the 46% of Indian Population in different ways and in need of more man power. Will we survive ? this is answered periodically and the question arises periodically again and again.
We should get more man power to survive or else survival is really really difficult.
Hope i have not bored my beloved readers. Kindly leave your valuable comments.